PAPER: Preparation temperature dependence of size and polydispersity of alkylthiol monolayer protected gold clusters

Jørgensen, J. M.; Erlacher, K.; Pedersen, J. S.; Gothelf, K. V

Langmuir 2005, 21, 10320–10323, doi: 10.1021/la051770x

Abstract

The influence of preparation temperature on the size and size distribution of dodecylthiol monolayer protected gold clusters was studied. The monolayer protected clusters (MPCs) were synthesized by two different variations of the Brust-Schiffrin procedure. In all of the experiments, the stoichiometry of the reactants dodecylthiol, HAuCl(4), and sodium borohydride was kept constant, while the temperature was varied in the range of -18 to +90 degrees C. Two series were performed in which an aqueous solution of NaBH(4) was either added over 30 s or all in one portion. The size and size distribution of the MPCs were determined by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It has been demonstrated that in general the MPC size increases with elevated preparation temperatures.

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